16 Jan 2013
Film review: ‘Chasing Ice’
I hadn’t heard of James Balog, whose work is the subject of ‘Chasing Ice’, until I saw him give a presentation at TED Global in Oxford in 2008. It was in a session after supper, along with Nigeran novelist Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, an evening optional extra for anyone who still had any headspace after a day of back-to-back talks. I didn’t know anything about James’ project, the Extreme Ice Survey. What he shared that night was so powerful that I was unable to sleep. Unlike much that one might read about climate change, the debates, the research, the statistics which appeal to our rational mind, Balog’s work was visceral. You could feel it in your stomach. It haunted you, while at the same time stunning you with its breathtaking beauty. That’s a powerful combination, and it is that combination that makes ‘Chasing Ice’ such an extraordinary and vital film.
Ice sheets and glaciers are the canaries in the coal mine of climate change. They are one of the first places where you can see the impacts of the planet’s rising temperatures. The collapse of the Arctic ice over the last 10 years or so has been widely reported, accelerating way beyond even the worst predictions. Although we may read about it, and see the odd photograph, it is hard to get a sense of the scale of what is happening. Balog’s work here is vital. ‘Chasing Ice’ is described on the film’s official website like this:
“Chasing Ice is the story of one man’s mission to change the tide of history by gathering undeniable evidence of climate change. Using time-lapse cameras, his videos compress years into seconds and capture ancient mountains of ice in motion as they disappear at a breathtaking rate”.
In 2005 Balog visited the Arctic to take photos for National Geographic which somehow communicated and captured climate change. He later said of the trip “I never imagined that you could see glaciers this big disappearing in such a short time”. He was so moved by the experience, and so convinced that one-off photographs failed to capture what was actually happening, that he set up the Extreme Ice Survey. He and a team of young scientists and adventurers set up, in Alaska, Greenland and elsewhere, time-lapse cameras focusing on glaciers and ice sheets, and documented them over long periods of time. The results are extraordinary. If you generally think of a glacier as a static, fixed object, which would be our experience if we went to visit one, what Balog’s work does is bring them to life.
Viewed over a long time period, each ice sheet becomes almost a living, breathing thing. Swelling and contracting with the seasons as though it were breathing. We see glaciers deflating like balloons. We see them crumble and vanish. We see ice retreating so rapidly that in one case, an ice sheet contracts more in a 10 year period than it had in the previous 100 years. We see chunks of ice the size of Manhattan, built up over huge spans of history, crumble into the sea over a couple of hours. It is this that kept me awake most of the night in that hotel room in Oxford (if you look very carefully during the clip of him speaking at TED you can actually see me in a couple of shots which is rather exciting).
This is also Balog’s own story. He is a man driven to carry out what for him, is the work that most needs to be done at this time in history. Something history-changing is happening and it needs to be documented. He puts himself (and his team) through great hardship, including the ongoing saga of his knees which require repeated operations in order to keep him going. At the end of the film he says “When my daughters look at me 25 to 30 years from now and say “what were you doing when global warming was happening and you guys knew what was coming down the road” I want to be able to say I was doing everything I knew how to do”. That integrity and commitment shines through this film.
I hope I haven’t made this sound like a depressing film. I actually found it deeply motivating. The conversations I was part of after seeing it mostly revolved around whether it is too late to do anything about it. Balog mentions in a couple of his talks shown here that he believes there is still time to avoid catastrophe, but the question is largely left open, and in many ways it is the defining question of our times. Alongside this, ‘Chasing Ice’ is perhaps the most beautiful film I have ever seen. The colours and the sculptural forms he captures in his photos are breathtaking. One shot, near the end of the film, showing a large lump of ice, illuminated against the background of the night sky, is the most exquisite thing you will see. It is the film’s juxtapositioning of this breathtaking beauty and the visceral sense of its collapse and fragility is where its power lies.
After a couple of years, post-Copenhagen, of the denigration of climate science and scientists, the fightback appears to be well underway. Hurricane Sandy, the dreadful situation in Australia and a year of outrageous extreme weather the world over would appear to be making sure of it. This film will hopefully be a central part of that. At one point in the film, one interviewee talks about how Balog’s work led to him stopping working for Shell and dedicating his time to fighting climate change. If this film can be part of a tipping point of helping more people to such realisations that would be fantastic. Here is a taste of the impact ‘Chasing Ice’ is already having on people:
I can’t recommend it enough. Part of its skill lies in not pushing an explicit plan of action or way forward from here. There is no ‘An Inconvenient Truth’-style “what you can do” list at the end, no reference to politics, treaties, policy changes. It leaves you to start those discussions, both your own internal conversations and with your friends and family. There’s no pushing the issue away as something that doesn’t concern us. To see something so beautiful, that we had always assumed to be a permanent feature on this planet, melting before our very eyes, is both traumatic and galvanising. This is essential viewing, a gem, something really something quite extraordinary.
A special offer for Transition groups
The film’s UK distributor Dogwoof have told us that they have already had a lot of interest from Transition initiatives, and have set up a special offer for a licence to show ‘Chasing Ice’ at a community screening which means it will be half-price (£100). If you would like to show it, click here and you’ll be able to access a discounted screening fee.